General

Who Wrote The Gita In Hindi For The First Time?

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita embodies the deepest spiritual implication through divine instruction. It is the holy speech from the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna Himself. Certainly, the Bhagavad Gita is the most notable religious oration from the Vedic age. The Geeta articulates the purpose and objective of human existence through spiritual proficiency.

This famous religious book has been translated into 175 languages. The first translation of The Bhagavad Gita was in English by Sir Charles Wilkins. He was an eminent Orientalist and passionate typographer who learned Sanskrit and translated the Gita into English in 1785.

This literary initiative was taken on the mandates of the Court of Directors of the East India Company, with the special interest of the then Governor-General of India, Warren Hastings. The translation of the Bhagavad Gita is the most significant literary contribution by Charles Wilkins. The book titled Bhagwat Geeta- or the Dialogues of Krishna and Arjoon was published by the famous Nourse printing press in Central London.

Shrimad Bhagwat Geeta in Hindi is a popular book cherished by all religious people. So we will explore the earliest translators of the Bhagavad Gita who translated this blissful sacred text into Hindi.

The First Translation Of The Bhagavad Gita In Hindi:

During the Muslim invasion of India, the Afghans, Persians, and Turks used to speak with the locals in the Khariboli language. Hindi, along with Urdu, originated from this Khariboli language.

Urdu had a considerable influence from Arabic and Persian languages, which became a formal language in the royal courts. At the same time, a different type of language was developed among the ordinary people of Delhi and its surrounding areas, which was Hindi.

Hindi had considerable influence from Sanskrit, Prakrits, and Apabhramsas. It substituted Sanskrit and Prakrits for regular verbal communication. With time, Hindi became an advanced literature, introducing many books and novels, including the translation of religious texts like the Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc.

Shrimad Bhagavad Gita is a 700-verse Hindu religious book. It is the most influential part of the Mahabharata depicting a spiritual dialogue between Lord Krishna and his fellow worshiper the great warrior Arjuna.

Several scholars and writers from India and the world have translated the Gita in various languages. And Hindi is the most prominent language in which people like to read the Gita. There have been numerous translations and variations by various writers throughout the Hindi literary history. However, The Gita written by Swami Prabhupada, Vinoba Bhave, and Swami Sivananda reflects the feel of the original Sanskrit version of this sacred book.

The Bhagavad Gita – A Spiritual Dialogue Between Lord Shri Krishna And Arjuna In Mahabharata:

We can find the explanation of the Geeta in the Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata, comprising chapters 23 to 40. It is a dialogue between Arjuna, a divinely gifted fighter, and Lord Sri Krishna, his counselor and charioteer on the battleground of Kurukshetra.

On the battleground, Arjuna commemorated the populace on both sides to be his kith and kin. It turned him overwhelmed with sadness and compassion. He was frightened of killing his friends and families and the consequent sin of killing his relatives. Arjuna then renounced to Lord Krishna, abiding help.

This condition pursues the wisdom of the Bhagavad Gita. Lord Sri Krishna enlightened Arjun about life, emotions, and ambitions. He again talked about various types of yoga, such as Jnana, Bhakti, Karma, and Raja. In the Geeta, Lord Sri Krishna also illustrated the distinction between the Self and the material body and demonstrated the final goal of life. This teaching motivated Arjun to move on with his responsibilities and duties.

The Significance Of The Bhagavad Gita:

The Bhagavad Gita comprises 18 chapters describing 700 verses (Slokas). It again includes three portions, each with 6 chapters. The first 6 chapters express the value of deeds in an individual’s life, which is called ‘Karma’ Yoga. The second 6 chapters describe the passionate maturity of the intellect known as ‘Bhakti’ Yoga. The last 6 chapters highlight the importance of developing the capacity to realize the extensive actuality known as ‘Gyana’ Yoga. So if you read Bhagavad Gita, it will help you discover your self-actualization and spiritual ideologies in everyday life.

The Bhagavad Gita is not just a text delivering scholarly knowledge. The sacred book is the source of knowledge that can provide a sensible direction to human life. So, it helps you develop an organized and peaceful life. We get inspiration from the Bhagavad Gita to live a disciplined life with honesty, integrity, and purity.

All eighteen chapters of the Geeta provide various sorts of Yoga. This wisdom delivers procedures to infuse spiritual wisdom into realistic life.

The Bhagavad Gita has massively influenced the lives of great global personalities, such as Mahatma Gandhi, Albert Einstein, J. Robert Oppenheimer, etc. According to the Father of the Nation, the Bhagavad Gita can guide you to win over all the barriers that come your way. In his words, this sacred book has functioned as a seed of stimulant for various notable persons during the independence movement.

J. Robert Oppenheimer, the American director of the Manhattan Atomic Project, learned Sanskrit in 1933 to read the Bhagavad Gita in its original form. He cited that the Bhagavad Gita was the most noteworthy text to develop his viewpoint on life.

Conclusion

The Bhagavad Gita is not just a religious book adored by a respective community. It is a book for the whole civilization, and anyone from any belief can benefit from reading the Bhagavad Gita. It helps you enhance both your personal and professional qualities.

This famous religious book has been translated into 175 languages including Hindi. It is the most prominent language in which people like to read the Gita. However, you can read The Gita written by Swami Prabhupada, Vinoba Bhave, and Swami Sivananda to get the feel of the original Sanskrit version of this sacred book.

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